Emilio Jacinto – Utak ng Katipunan

Si Emilio Jacinto ay anak nila Mariano Jacinto at Josefa Dizon. Namatay agad ang kanyang ama ilang sandali lamang matapos na siya ay isilang na nagtulak sa kanyang ina na ipaampon si Emilio sa kanyang tiyuhin na si Don Jose Dizon upang magkaroon ng magandang buhay.


emilio-jacinto.gif

Si Emilio ay bihasa sa pagsasalita ng Tagalog at Kastila pero mas gusto niya ang Kastila. Siya ay nag-aral sa Kolehiyo ng San Juan de Letran at nang maglaon ay lumipat sa Pamantasan ng Sto. Tomas para mag-aral ng batas. Hindi niya natapos ang kurso at sa edad na 20 ay sumapi siya sa isang sikretong samahan na ang pangalan ay Katipunan.

Nang mamatay si Bonifacio, ipinagpatuloy ni Jacinto ang paglaban sa mga Kastila bagamat hindi siya sumali sa puwersa ni Aguinaldo. Namatay si Emilio Jacinto sa sakit na malaria noong Abril 16, 1899 sa Majayjay, Laguna sa edad na 23.

  • http://friendster.com remrose may c. castro

    ang bata pa pala ng namatay siya

  • http://yahoo.com Chassey

    wawa nman

  • ara

    don’t you any literary criticisms on emilio jacinto’s writings? if you have any, pls mail it to my e-mail add at angel_eyes2777@yahoo.com. thanks! any help will be appreciated until oct. 8! =)

  • marisse

    i can say that emilio jacinto is one of the bravest hero of the phlippines because he died with an early age bacause of serving his country!!

  • kHloE

    aaaaaw….

  • demijoe

    emilio jacinto was very brave..!
    i hope that i will be like him too.,
    a hero of our country………..
    in different way i would like to be
    a hero of our country.,!
    i will never forget our heroes..,!
    because they save us to spanish….

  • lee myeong-ja

    emilio jacinto was really a great hero!!
    he never ceased to fight for the Phillipines despite his very young age!!
    i hope i can be a hero like him too…but in a different way…
    i really admire our Filipino heroes..even if i’m half-Korean, it doesn’t matter…
    they saved us from the spanish oppressors..we must be grateful to them!!
    we must not forget what have they done for us and we must also tell what they did to the next generations!!..
    that’s all i can say…=)

  • jay jalagat

    patriotism, bravery, sharp minds etc. this man is worth – emulating to all filipinos. as a youth, i have the ambition to be like him especially possessing great mind for the welfare of the entire country. he made it to the record or space in history where he deserved distinct recognition. TO YOU KUYA EMIL, MY SALUTE AMONG THE REST OF THE FILIPINOS, WHO TAKE THEIR HATS OFF TO YOU!

  • Me-ann Jizelle S. Santos

    ang gulo naman ng edad ni emilio jacinto noong sumali siya sa katipunNan ung book namin sabe 18 sa internet 18,1920 at 21! ang gulo naman!

  • Glenda N. Penamora

    Wish ko buhay pa siya kc guwapo siya.

  • renato naval

    kay lozada pa rin ako, pogi naman siya ah di lang halata

  • zhei miral

    oo..sang ayon aq kay renato naval..ang pogi talaga ni lozada..
    dapat syang isali s Mr. Pogi,.,.gwapong gwapo ayyyyyyy….

  • zhei miral

    bkit po si jose rizal at emilio jacinto ay may pagkakahawig??
    magkamag anak b cla??
    uso n rin pla ang bangs dati..

  • potpot

    aus!

  • NoName

    Emo??? (//~)l,,l
    Ar u Emo or Not???

  • http://friendster.com emilio

    may EMO na pla dti

  • kimjen and shanti

    astig! sana totoo mga nakasulat dito! finals nmin tae! haha pgkmi bumagsak susupalpalin q ngimbento nitong mga kwento na toh! haha hello s mga tga 116 C.. kulasa! goodluck s exam harhar!

  • Claizel

    Emilio jacinto is still young when he died. but he did this for our country.. I really admire him coz’ he doesnt give up even if he is sick.He never showed fear but courage and bravery. That’s all!! Thank you!! hav a nice day!!;))

  • lolay

    asan ung pag ibig ni emilio jacinto?????
    kelangan lang,…

  • jessel mae

    i want to like emilio jacinto brave and kind to all he is just like bonifacio

  • donnie luyaben

    I need more information!!! hehehe
    anyway, I really admire Emilio Jacinto for being brave…
    hope everyone would follow E. Jacinto’s footsteps…

  • http://friendster secret

    Si Emilio ay bihasa sa pagsasalita ng Tagalog at Kastila pero mas gusto niya ang Kastila. Siya ay nag-aral sa Kolehiyo ng San Juan de Letran at nang maglaon ay lumipat sa Pamantasan ng Sto. Tomas para mag-aral ng batas. Hindi niya natapos ang kurso at sa edad na 20 ay sumapi siya sa isang sikretong samahan na ang pangalan ay Katipunan.

    Nang mamatay si Bonifacio, ipinagpatuloy ni Jacinto ang paglaban sa mga Kastila bagamat hindi siya sumali sa puwersa ni Aguinaldo. Namatay si Emilio Jacinto sa sakit na malaria noong Abril 16, 1899 sa Majayjay, Laguna sa edad na 23.

    smile :)

  • http://friendster go on ghurl

    *Read this vertically*

    I W L T

    L I O H

    O T V E

    V H E L

    E T O O

    Y H F R

    O E D

    U

  • Winona

    thank you!, for this research, i really need this for our sibika tomorrow because our teacher will ask us who is the brain of the katipunan!

  • Winona

    why isn’t it can be copied?, because i really need to copy this!, we really needed it!

  • BanieBanBan

    what the?! naulila ng maaga, pinaampon tapos namatay ng napakabata. the hell?! yan ang bayani, hahaha. sometimes, when i read some history writings or any infos about the history of the Republic of the Philippines. I get this feeling of being a historian, and still I don’t know why. share aman kayo ng knowledge about history, yung history prof kasi namin may pagkamahigpit when it comes to knowledge. email me at emsaveban@yahoo.com or simply add me on your YM account. MABUHAY ANG PILIPINAS!

  • http://www.friendster./com NONAME

    ANOOO BAYANNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN BORINGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG

  • http://i angel

    i h0pe someday our country will be in peace!! no war!!
    more love!! no gangsters, no hazings, more on likely peace and love..
    i hope our nations will be changed 4ever??

  • http://ok sode

    bakit namatay si emillio jacinto na edad twenty-three years old

  • http://friendster rose

    anong nagyari noong namatay si bonifacio att bakit ba nangyari ang pagkamatay ni bonifacio sa susunod na panattubay sa buhay ni emillio jacinto at bonifacio mabini

  • emman

    hmm.. bakit nga puh b si rizal ang napiling national hero at hindi c emilio jacinto?? anong wala si E.J na meron kay rizal?

  • http://mozilla emily

    kawawa naman ng bata pa namatay na….so tatlong taon lang ang itinagal nya sa katipunan…

  • http://mozilla emily

    ang bata pa ni emilio namatay na…so tatlong taon lang ang itinagal nya sa katipunan…

  • http://google Ariadne Castillo

    TNX sa research! Test namin to sa HEKASI.

  • megan

    talino nya infernes

  • jean pajaron

    please send me a copy of emilio jacinto’s biogaraphy

  • http://patriciadimla@yahoo.com patricia

    ang galing naman nya!!!!!

  • http://patriciadimla@yahoo.com patricia

    sora naman un idol ko na sya!!!!sya na!!!!

  • http://google kai

    ang bata-bata pa nya . . at mukhang talagang matalino ang itsura

  • christelle

    wow! ang galing naman ni Emilio…

    kailangan kasi namin ito sa “SIBIKA” subject namin eh

    Thanks so much!

  • badong

    si LOZADA ok ‘yung ginawa nya suma nga din ako sa mga mobilizations. im just reflecting lately about it. KUNG NAGKAPARTIHAN KAYA NG MAAYOS AT HINDI NA DELIKADO BUHAY NYA, PIPIYOK KAYA SYA?

  • christine

    kwawa nman,,,23yrs old plng nmatay na,,,crush cuu p nman cia:(

  • TheLastOfHeroes

    He’s really a great example for the youth..
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    -_-IIII——-IIIIII—-IIIIII—-IIIIIIII—–_-
    -_-IIIIIII—-IIIIIII–IIIIIII—III—-III—-_-
    -_-IIII——-IIII-II–II-IIII—-IIIIIIII—–_-
    -_-IIIIIIIII–IIII–IIII–IIII—–IIIIII——_-
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  • hinna

    ang bata pa ni e. jacinto nung namatay siya. sayang at di niya natapos ang kursong kinuha niya, pero ayos pa ren kase sumapi naman siya sa Katipunan. isa siyang huwarang kabataan para sa akin. :)

  • THE MAN HERO

    he is a good hero

  • Eagle

    THE FATHER OF MILLITARY INTELLIGENCE:

    When the Eagle flew, he gave it all, there is no moderation…
    And no matter how people hide the Truth, the Truth shall prevail and emerge supreme in the end, for the Bible says, “Truth conquers all”.

    Generalissimo Emilio Jacinto, was made the first Supreme Chief of all secret agents, spies, and all Millitary Intelligence by Supremo Andres Bonifacio.
    I Eagle, shall stop at this point…

  • John Mark

    THE YOUNGEST GENERALISSIMO!

    It was a slight error of our early historians to overlook the great truth that Emilio Jacinto was the youngest general of our revolution, and not Gregorio del Pilar.
    Supremo Andres Bonifacio recruited his bestfriend Emilio Jacinto who was 19 years old, and made him his right-hand, secretary of the KKK, and Millitary Tactician.
    Supremo Bonifacio made Jacinto a full general by age 20, while Gregorio del Pilar became a general later, at about 21-23.
    After the successful and bloody battle in San Juan del Monte, and El Polvorin, Supremo Bonifacio promoted Emilio Jacinto as “generalissimo”, the highest ranking general ever appointed by the Supremo, and Jacinto was only 21 years old!
    I will stop at this point as my friend Eagle…

  • Coeur d’ Lion(the “lion-hearted”)

    “Silent forces are working, while a false calm is reigning,
    Calm precedes the storm – soon will the hurricane rage!
    And with more firmness, we continue again the struggle,
    Till in the end we shall triumph – till dried your tears
    shall be…” -Generalissimo Don Emilio Jacinto-

    He was called the “Inflammable!” Feared both by the Spaniards and traitors alike, that not even the champion of the Magdalo faction Don Emilio Aguinaldo, dare to cross his path face-to-face…
    He is purer than St. Lorenzo Ruiz, more noble than Rizal, and a greater general, and a braver soldier than Emilio Aguinaldo.
    Like Andres Bonifacio, he was devoted to the “Virgin Mary”…
    He nearly lost his life with Supremo Bonifacio in their second battle of San Mateo, when a bullet whip past his face, and ripping Bonifacio’s collar, causing a bullet hole.
    They looked at each other, and they noticed that they were both wearing a medallion of the “Blessed Virgin”…

  • Robin Hood

    “On the horizon slowly rises, the dawn most brilliant,
    Of a new day of freedom, love and prosperity,
    Do not lose hope or courage, for from the wound the gaping,
    Always the blood will flow, while there is life in us,
    And we shall never forget thee, in eternity’s space.”
    -Generalissimo Emilio Jacinto-
    (alias “Dimas-Ilaw)

    General Emilio Jacinto used two aliases, “Dimas-Ilaw” as a poet, and “Pingkian”(Inflammable) as a soldier.
    As a writer and a poet, he speaks of faith, hope, and freedom, he speaks of courage and endurance, sacrifice, and prosperity. He speaks of love…
    As a soldier and a warrior, he was brave and courageous, he survived more than forty battles, being victorious at times, at other times they have to retreat.
    Being wounded several times, even nearly losing his life. He incurred serious wounds at least two times, yet he survived. He believes in the final victory, and final triumph of good over evil for his country. He believes in eternity…

  • Alexander “the great”

    “And our faith will not perish, while there is life, there is hope!”
    -Emilio jacinto-(“A La Patria”)

    I was astounded by the comments above, that I’m encouraged to add some, as well as to clarify and support some of the comments above…
    Eagle says, Emilio Jacinto is the Father of Millitary Intelligence, here in our country of course, and that is true.
    Johnmark says, Emilio Jacinto was our youngest general, as well as “generalissimo” in the revolution.
    And that is supported by the fact that Jacinto is a month younger than Gregorio del Pilar, as well, Emilio Jacinto is the bestfriend of Supremo Bonifacio who made him his right hand, secretary, and millitary adviser.
    Also, Emilio Jacinto became a general at 20, and “generalissimo” at 21, while del Pilar became a general when he was 23 years old.
    Coeur de lion, or the “lion-hearted” said that Jacinto is purer than St. Lorenzo Ruiz, and that can only be true because Lorenzo Ruiz was married, while the great Jacinto died a bachelor, and a virtuous soldier, and a “virgin-warrior”.
    He also said that Jacinto was a better general and a braver soldier than Aguinaldo. Jacinto held the war, when Aguinaldo surrendered at “Biak-na Bato” and he obviously was winning the victory, with or without Aguinaldo or the Americans.
    Coeur de Lion just did not say that…
    “… and he was handsomer than Aga Molach.”

  • Alexander “the great”

    When Supremo Bonifacio promoted Emilio Jacinto, Julio Nakpil, Valentin Cruz, and other respective leaders as “generalissimos” or head-generals, Jacinto and Nakpil laughed telling the supremo to appoint others who were more able.
    At this point, Supremo Bonifacio with a stern voice said: “If you will not obey my order, I will cut off your heads!”
    Jacinto and Nakpil having realized that the supremo means business, obeyed at once, with no further protestations.
    It does not mean however that Bonifacio was ruthless or cruel, but at such a critical time and situation, what the supremo wanted to teach was instant obedience.
    Emilio Jacinto and Nakpil, being given the highest offices, did well, and served their positions better than the expectations of the supremo.
    Shortly before Bonifacio was killed by traitors, he made an official doccument establishing Emilio Jacinto as “generalissimo” and commander of the northern forces who won the greatest and last battles against the U.S Army.
    Supremo Bonifacio also praised Jacinto’s loyalty, integrity, and dedication to his duties. Loyalty, humilty, and obedience were attributes of St. Michael the Archangel, whereas, Pride, selfish ambitions, and rebellion were attributes of the Devil…
    Who killed the supremo? do they stand for God, or to the Devil?

  • Marcel Toyaoan

    There were really some inaccuracy about Emilio Jacinto’s age when he entered the katipunan. some evidence shows that he entered when he was as young as 18 years old, became a Full General by 19, and “Generalissimo” by age 20.
    It is clear however that he was the youngest general, and the most able.
    General Santiago Alvarez alias “Kidlat ng Apoy”, one of Bonifacio’s most loyal general after Jacinto and Nakpil, says that, after Bonifacio’s death, Jacinto and Nakpil operated side by side, and sometimes separately around Manila and Laguna, as well as the sorrounding areas of their command.
    General Valentin Cruz, also one of Bonifacio’s loyalist, and hero of the “Battle of Pasig”, fought side by side with Emilio Jacinto and Bonifacio in San Juan del Monte and “El Polvorin”, fighting fearlessly, which culminated into a hand-to-hand combat! both sides loss many men, but the Katipuneros scored better, and had gathered arms and ammunitions as they retreated to conserve their strength.
    General Gregorio del Pilar went with Jacinto and Bonifacio to the great “Pamitinan Cave” near the Sierra Madre mountains, where the Philippine Eagle still resides until now, and there where Supremo Bonifacio first proclaimed Philippine Independence.
    It was not really true that Aguinaldo was the best general, although, he was probably the most cunning and ambitious…
    Ambition is good, but it became evil when it leads to treachery and unjustified rebellion and power grabbing.

  • Marcel Toyaoan

    THE BIG OFFENSIVE!

    After the victory of General Valentin Cruz in the “Battle of Pasig” and the successful “Agaw-armas” operation in the “Battle of San Juan del Monte” and “El Polvorin” under the tactical intelligence of Generalissimo Emilio Jacinto, the Katipunan armies now prepared for the big offensive…

    THE BATTLE OF SAN MATEO:

    The first great major victory to be won by the whole KKK revolutionary armies, was the first “Battle of San Mateo!”. General Valentin Cruz is the hero in the “Battle of Pasig”. Generalissimo Jacinto became the hero in the “Agaw-armas” operation in San Juan del Monte.
    Supremo Presidente Don Andres Bonifacio called the “Great-Plebeian!” is the one man credited to be the hero of this first great major victory, in their first “Battle of San Mateo”.
    Three days later, the badly whipped and humiliated Spanish soldiers who proudly called themselves “El Grande Armada de Espanya” sent Three-Thousand soldiers to attack San Mateo, and for this reason, Bonifacio and his valiant men had to retreat again to their secret headquarters in Montalban and the Sierra Madre mountains.
    These three victories by Bonifacio’s men, aside from those won by his Magdiwang armies under General Santiago Alvarez alias “kidlat ng apoy” and Licerio Geronimo, are greater than all the battles of the arrogant and cowardly Magdalo group of Don Emilio Aguinaldo.

  • Eagle

    I came just to second the motion.
    The Magdalo historians’ claim that Bonifacio never won a battle, was not an error, it was a lie…
    The truth was, although Bonifacio haven’t yet conquered a territory, he fought impressive battles, that caused the Spaniards to panic and caused Governor Ramon Blanco to declare a “State of Emergency” that resulted to “Marshall Law!”.
    The Magdalos’ claim that Governor Blanco regarded Bonifacio’s battles as minor, while Aguinaldo’s was major was not true, it was a lie…
    The truth was, being the Supremo, Governor Blanco regarded Bonifacio and his men as the most serious and dangerous group to be encountered. He thought that Cavite was just a minor trouble to be neutralized, so he sent only 500 men to Cavite, while he sent 3,000 fresh Spanish soldiers to attack Bonifacio in San Mateo.
    This was the reason that the Katipuneros in Cavite had conquered territories, while Bonifacio and his men, though valiant and even victorious in some battles had to retreat to the mountains.
    At the ending of the war, Bonifacio’s “Morong Command” and all the northern forces under Generalissimo Emilio Jacinto and Julio Nakpil, and latter to be lead by General Licerio Geronimo, won the greatest and last victories against the Spaniards, and even against the powerful U.S Army.
    Emilio Aguinaldo and his Magdalo men were ultimately defeated. They never won a single battle against the Americans, but instead, their cowardice became evident, and even Aguinaldo had to sacrifice Gregorio del Pilar,(a formerly Bonifacio’s liutennant) to save his skin.

  • Coeur d’ Lion(the “lion-hearted”)

    THE BATTLE OF MOUNT PUROG:

    One of the greatest battle fought by the Katipunan armies against the Spaniards, unrecorded by the Magdalo historians, was when Generalissimo Emilio Jacinto called the “Inflammable” worked in tandem with Segundo Supremo Julio Nakpil to lead Bonifacio’s “Morong Command” of the Northern Forces in a bloody encounter in Mount Purog.
    Licerio Geronimo one of the original men who shouted the cry for liberty in “Pugad-Lawin” took part in this battle, and also Macario Sakay and all the rest whom Supremo Bonifacio left in farewell as he went to his doom in Cavite.
    This battle is comparable or maybe even greater than the victory of General Santiago Alvarez alias “Kidlat ng Apoy” in his heroic “Battle of Dalahican” where he buried more than One Thousand Spanish soldiers, and with a few casualties of his own.
    The claim of the Magdalos that Emilio Aguinaldo was the best general, was in fact, an intended exaggeration and a big lie, and even General Artemio Ricarte, Bonifacio’s bodyguard in Cavite was deceived and was led to believe this lie.
    The truth was, the the Aguinaldo family was the richest and most influential family in Cavite. His father was three times gobernadorcillo, and Emilio Aguinaldo succeeded his father in this position. It was evident that Aguinaldo was the “kingpin” and big boss over this province, and with his rich officials, he has great control…
    In fact, Bonifacio’s Magdiwang generals Pio del Pilar and Santiago Alvarez alias “Kidlat ng Apoy”, were far greater generals than Aguinaldo.
    The singular battle of Santiago Alvarez in Dalahican, where he engaged the great Spanish General Ramon Blanco in a 36 hours battle, is far greater than all those won by Aguinaldo combined.
    The last victory in Bonifacio’s territory in San Mateo, was fought by his men who shouted with him the cry for Independence in his hideout in “Pamitinan Cave” and in “Pugad-Lawin”. This was the great “Battle of Pulang-Lupa”(interchenged with the “battle of Paye” by the wikipedia) under the command of General Licerio Geronimo, Bonifacio’s lieutenant who rose now to become a general.

  • Robin Hood

    (KATIPUNAN TRIUMVIRATES)

    FIRST TRIUMVIRATE: 1892
    -The first three original founders were Andres Bonifacio, Teodoro Plata, and Ladislao Diwa. Diwa was a silent sort, meek, not so much of a warrior, and unambitious. Plata was Bonifacio’s brother in law, equally ambitious as Bonifacio, but Bonifacio was the bravest and the most active of the three.

    SECOND TRIUMVIRATE: 1895
    -Andres Bonifacio became the Supremo. Emilio Jacinto became his right hand, and Dr. Pio Valenzuela became the third person of the triumvirate. They composed the Katipunan top secret called the “Camara Negra”(Black Chamber). Also called the “Camara Secreta” or Secret Chamber.

    THIRD TRIUMVIRATE: 1896
    -The Katipunan was discovered, the war begins. Teodoro Plata, appointed by Bonifacio as Secretary of War, was caught, imprisoned, and was later executed by Firing-Squad. Dr. Pio Valenzuela fought side by side with Bonifacio and Jacinto in their first battles. Humane and not violent in temperament, Valenzuela surrendered by accepting amnesty granted by the Spanish Government.
    -The third person to join the triumvirate, was a young handsome gentleman and a musician, his name was Julio Nakpil. General Nakpil was later appointed by Bonifacio as “Segundo Supremo” of the Northern Command.
    -Although Emilio Jacinto was promoted by Bonifacio as “Generalissimo” of the Northern Command,, it was clear that Bonifacio treated him as his right hand and “Segundo Supremo” of the whole KKK revolutionary government. He was the righteous successor of Bonifacio as “Supremo Presidente” after Bonifacio’s death.

  • John Mark

    I would like to clarify some things which might not be too clear about the KKK organizational structure, command, and division.
    Although Andres Bonifacio was the principal founder and organizer of the KKK, he did not impose himself as leader or president. With his friends Ladislao Diwa and the stalwart Teodoro Plata, they invited and recruited their educated friends and aquaintances, and they held seminars and elections.
    The first to be elected as “Supremo Presidente” was Deodato Arellano, an educated gentleman, but lacking in energy and daring.
    The second Supremo was Roman Basa, a tough man, but also lacking in initiative and action, they were both elected by only few members.
    Then at last, thay looked to the founder, Andres Bonifacio and he was finally elected as the real and capable man to be the “Supremo Presidente”.
    Bonifacio was elected in this position by three successive elections, and by fast growing members, from several hundreds to thousands.
    Andres Bonifacio was the supreme leader of the whole KKK government. By division of command, he was also the Supremo of the undisputed Northern Command which won the last victories in the war.
    When he went to Cavite, he was honored by the victorious Magdiwang armies as king!
    “Haring-Bayan” Supremo Andres Bonifacio!
    (This great honor granted to Bonifacio, caused envy and jealousy to the Magdalo faction, that later resulted to his downfall)
    Mariano Alvarez who was the original king, demoted himself as vice king: “Pangalawang-Haring Bayan Segundo Supremo Mariano Alvarez.
    Julio Nakpil is “Segundo Supremo” of the Northern Command and Mariano Alvarez in the Magdiwang faction.
    Emilio Jacinto, “Generalissimo” of the Northern Command, as bestfriend and right hand of Andres Bonifacio, is understood to be the “Segundo Supremo” of the entire KKK. Second in rank to Andres Bonifacio.

  • Coeur d’Lion

    THE PASSING OF THE KING:

    After being elected three times as the true, most daring, and undisputed “Supremo Presidente” of the Katipunan government, Andres Bonifacio attributed to Dr. Jose Rizal the title as “Honorary President” of the KKK.
    Although Rizal, out of humility and prudence, did not accept the title, he made it clear to Dr. Pio Valenzuela that, he is with the side of the Supremo.
    Bonifacio was invited by the great Don Mariano Alvarez to Cavite, and given him the title as the true king: “Haring-Bayan” of the Magdiwang armies, and Mariano Alvarez actually wanted to gave this title to Bonifacio to be recognized by the entire KKK.
    Bonifacio however, with a flattered smile, did not accept the crown, and he persisted in the democratic title as President, or “Supremo Presidente.”
    He suffered great blows, misunderstandings, and insults by the Magdalo group of Emilio Aguinaldo, who were the richer and more educated faction in Cavite.
    Andres Bonifacio was disgusted by their cowardice and selfishness, and he decided at last to leave Cavite.
    While on the way to his stronghold in “Morong” and to San Mateo, Bonifacio was met by Don Miguel Malvar in Indang, still part of Cavite.
    Miguel Malvar invited Bonifacio to Batangas to inspect the troops there, and Bonifacio went and admired the intelligence and leadership of Miguel Malvar.
    He commented that maybe Malvar is better than the Aguinaldo, who were praised by his Magdalo men as the best general.
    This meeting with Miguel Malvar caused great fear and suspiscion to Aguinaldo and his men, that Bonifacio and Malvar are conniving to overthrow Aguinaldo.
    Bonifacio at that time, was actually planning to go to see his bestfriend Emilio Jacinto who was gaining progress in his base at Laguna.
    The coward Magdalo group of Emilio Aguinaldo, took this oppurtunity to capture and kill the “great plebeian” and true first president of our country, honored by the Magdiwang armies as their king, “Supremo Presidente” Andres de Castro Bonifacio.

  • Alexander “The Great”

    THE LAST STAND OF THE SUPREMO!

    After the tumultous incident in the Convention of Tejeros called the “Acta de Tejeros”, where Bonifacio declared as null and void all the results of the fraudulent election, he compelled Emilio Aguinaldo and Mariano Alvarez to state an oath in front of the KKK Supreme Court not to covet their intended positions, and they humbly obeyed the Supremo.
    It is clear therefore that Aguinaldo, if he was a man of his word like Rizal, should stand his oath, that he will not betray the Supremo by coveting the said Presidency.
    However, by the promptings of his arrogant and ambitious officials, Aguinaldo in secret, have taken another oath in front of his Magdalo officers, accepting the said position as president, without the knowledge of Bonifacio.
    Innocent of the treacherous proceedings, Bonifacio at last, decided to return to his Headquarters in San Mateo or in “Morong”, or to see his friend Emilio Jacinto, or even to make a stronghold in Batangas with his good general Miguel Malvar.
    Bonifacio left his main Magdiwang forces, and he took with him only a few of his followers, and this made him vulnerable while he made a temporary fortification in Indang, Cavite.
    Angered by the persistent suspiscions and questionings of Aguinaldo and his Magdalo men, Bonifacio sent a reply to Aguinaldo to one of his spies.
    Bonifacio said(To Aguinaldo):
    “If you are offended by my actions, name your time, place, and seconds.”
    By this statement, Andres Bonifacio challenged Aguinaldo to a duel to settle their disputes…
    Aguinaldo, unwilling to test thecaliber of the Supremo in a face to face – man to man confrontation, he instead summoned all his Magdalo armies to plan for a treacherous attack, a “cou’p de ta’t”!
    They finally launched their cowardly assault, while Bonifacio and his men were eating their launch, and once more, the cruelty of Judas, and of Marcus Junius Brutus, killed one of the greatest hero we have known, the “great plebeian”!
    The founder of the first and most dramatic revolution in Asia, met his martyrdom in the Maragondon Hills, near Mount Tala, Cavite. In a month of May, 1897…

    “Back at home, a young wife waits,
    Her brave sweetheart, has met his fate!
    He has died, for those oppressed,
    Leaving her his last request.”
    (The Ballad of the Green Beret)-Sergeant Barry Saddler-

  • Marcel Toyaoan

    “TIRADOREZ DE LA MUERTE”!

    One reason Aguinaldo have not accepted Bonifacio’s challenge for a duel, was that Andres Bonifacio was said to be an expert pistol shot, and Ambeth Ocampo confirmed that Bonifacio’s favorite weapon was his pistol.
    Some of his men says that he personally killed the officer in the “Battle of San Juan del Monte” by his own pistol.
    His own command, which includes Macario Sacay, Emilio Jacinto, Licerio Geronimo, and all the rest who fought side by side with him in San Juan del Monte, San Mateo, “Morong” and around Manila, became the most feared army unit called the “Tiradorez de la Muerte” or the “Riflemen of Death!”.
    This men annihilated a large Spanish garrison in the “Battle of Mount Purog”, and won great battles against the Super-Power American forces, in the “Battle of Mabitac” by Emilio Jacinto’s men in Laguna, “Battle of Pulang-Lupa”, by Licerio Geronimo in Bonifacio’s territory of San Mateo, and “Battle of Paye” by Colonel Maximo Abad in Marinduque.
    Andres Bonifacio was also said to be a master in the Filipino Martial-Art called “Arnis de Mano”, that he was a favorite actor during “Moro-moro” plays in their towns.
    He had several sparring bouts with his close friends like Antonio Luna, Gregorio del Pilar, Macario Sacay, Pio Valenzuela, and Emilio Jacinto, all being experts in the said Filipino Art.
    However, when he invited his friend Antonio Luna in his Katipunan armies by the suggestion of Rizal, Antonio Luna answered:

    “Ha, ha, ha..! if Napoleon became Napoleon(Emperor Napoleon-I of France, called the “terror of Europe”.), it is because, he have brains, he have arms, and most important of all… he have money!”

    Disappointed but not discouraged, Bonifacio decided to take the shoes as President(Rizal did not accept his invitation) and Field-Marshall, and Gregorio del Pilar and the rest followed him to his hide out in “Pamitinan Cave”.

  • Napoleon Bonaparte

    I am Napoleon Bonaparte, whom Marcel Toyaoan called the “Terror of Europe”. Like Andres Bonifacio, I came from a plebeian, or middle class family, but I rose to great power and fame because of my great millitary aptitude and genius.
    I became Emperor Napoleon – I of France, and master of all Europe! Andres Bonifacio have read a great deal about me, and about my country, and he read also about our revolution which was the famous “French Revolution”.
    Andres Bonifacio was a very intelligent fellow, with high ideals, spirituality, and principles. His friends includes educated gentlemen and women, who were virtuous and noble. Raised by a devout Catholic parents, Andres learned a lot, about the value of prayer, and the virtue of purity and sainthood…

    FRIENDS OF ANDRES BONIFACIO:

    Emilio Jacinto – A brilliant Law student and a fighter. A “warrior-poet” and a “hero-saint”. He died in a holy place in Majayjay Laguna, at the foot of Mt. Banahaw.
    Julio Nakpil – A good musician and a gentleman, as he was a brave general.
    Valentin Cruz – hero of the “Battle of Pasig”. He became a good citizen after the war, struck by the death of his beloved Supremo, he devoted himself to religion till his death.
    Don Mariano Alvarez – Shocked by the murder of Supremo Bonifacio, he rejected the leadership of Aguinaldo. He stopped participating in the war, and devoted himself to farming and religious life.
    Santiago Alvarez – Son of the great Don Mariano Alvarez, hero of the “Battle of Dalahican”. He was known as “Kidlat ng Apoy”. disheartened at the death of Bonifacio, he became a Catholic-Reofrmist in later life.
    Gregorio del Pilar – One of the youngest general with Emilio Jacinto. Loyal to Bonifacio to his last breath. With his valiant men, he fought bravely the U.S. soldiers till his heroic death in Tirad Pass. He never called Aguinaldo a president, he only wrote in his diary: “the general”(referring to Aguinaldo).
    Antonio Luna – Although he laughed at Bonifacio’s invitation, he later repented and became active in the war against the United States. Together with Gregorio del Pilar, they fought valiantly against the superior American forces, even killing their leaders. Had he known the real mystery of Bonifacio’s death, he would have killed Aguinaldo and crushed his Magdalo group. He called Aguinaldo’s men: “Coward assasins!” as they shot him to death.
    I Napoleon Bonaparte, have said many things, that may irritate our Mukamo Editors, I
    I shall stop at this point, Blessed be You Philippines by the Lord Almighty, and blessed be our heroes… Happy Heroes Day!

  • Napoleon Bonaparte “The Terror of Europe”

    GENERAL ANTONIO LUNA:

    The greatest, most dangerous, and most fearless general in the history of the Phillipines, most feared and respected by his enemies, the “Super-Power” U.S. soldiers, was Bonifacio’s friend who refused to join his army, General Antonio Luna.

    THE FOUNDER OF THE PHILIPPINE MILITARY ACADEMY:

    Although Luna first rejected Bonifacio’s invitation due to lack of arms, and he even denounced the katipuneros when racked by terrible tortures, Antonio Luna learned from his mistake, and decided to join the revolution.
    Unknown to many, even to PMAiers, it was Antonio Luna who first founded the first Military Academy in the Philippines, independent from Aguinaldo’s government.
    He organized and trained Bonifacio’s own men specially the “Morong command”, and transformed them into a dangerous fighting force called the “Tiradorez del muerte” or “Marksmen of Death” as Marcel Toyaoan have mentioned. His stern disciplinings and trainings of the Filipino soldiers resulted in several victories also mentioned above, in “Mabitac”, “Paye”, and “Pulang- Lupa”. His friend and right hand Gregorio del Pilar also won a victory in the “Battle of Quingua”, while he was away confronting the coward Magdalo group. Antonio Luna with Bonifacio’s toughest generals, Pio del Pilar Miguel Malvar, Licerio Geronimo and the others, were always on the frontline of the battlefields, fighting like men of steel nerves…

    FOUNDER OF THE PHILIPPINE RED CROSS:

    Contrary to the Magdalo reports that he was dictatorial and ruthless, Antonio Luna was a compassionate general, and as a Doctor of Pharmaciology, he founded the Phillipine Red Cross, out of concern to wounded soldiers, as well as to those sick children and women, and the aged.
    The estimate of the Americans, when seeing Aguinaldo, was that the war would end in two weeks, however, because of Antonio Luna’s leadership, and Bonifacio’s brave men and generals, the war lasted for about four-six years in general.
    The true Field-Marshall and “Generalissimo” of the Phillipine Revolution after Emilio Jacinto, the tough Antonio Luna was murdered by the Kawit forces of Aguinaldo in Cabanatuan. Spanish prisoners who witnessed the the assasination, admired Luna’s courage and bravery, who faced his death like a general.
    Holy Day, brethrens!

  • ADRI

    thanks.

  • http://yahoo.com teqs

    Brave heroes die young! A heroic act deserve to be remembered and worth emulating for… did Jacinto died of mALARIA mALIGNANT? or He was wounded severely in the battle in Majayjay, Laguna?

  • http://yahoo.com teqs

    Brave heroes die young! A heroic acts deserve to be remembered and worth emulating for… did Jacinto died of mALARIA mALIGNANT? or He was wounded severely in the battle in Majayjay, Laguna?

  • mark

    wla lng

  • Dalai-Lama

    That Emilio Jacinto died very young, as the youngest, yet equally greatest of the generals, was a real mystery…

    However, unlike Aguinaldo who was never scratched in battle, Emilio Jacinto was a real fighting-general, who fought side by side with his men, just like his bestfriends Andres Bonifacio, Antonio Luna, and Gregorio del Pilar, and for this reason, he have incurred several serious wounds, which contributed to his early death.
    His great fatique in battles, as he held the war when Aguinaldo compromised to Spain, his great grief over the loss of his bestfriend and Supremo, and a malignant malaria and dysentery, all contributed to the exhaustion of his stamina and strength, and infections from his early wounds.
    Whether he fought a last battle in Majayjay-Laguna, was not clear,
    But that he fought several battles against the Americans in Laguna, is sure, before he died.

  • The “Sitting-Bull”

    “In the light of dawn, now will explode!
    The guns and cannons will be as thunder!
    As the river falls, the blood shall gush forth,
    By their raining bullets, that storms!”
    -Supremo Andres Bonifacio-

    One of the most dangerous men, who inflicted the worst and most humiliating defeat, by natives to the proud U.S. Army, just like the “Tiradorez del Muerte” of Andres Bonifacio, was a great Sioux Warrior-Chief and spiritual leader whose original name in their native Sioux language was “Tatanka-Yotanka”, “The Sitting-Bull”:

    I, Sitting-Bull, from the land of the North American Indians(Indios), of whom by the will of God, I am chief,
    came to express my deep admiration to Andres Bonifacio and his friend Emilio Jacinto, who with brave and noble hearts, lead the the Filipino people, in their great and courageous struggle for their freedom.

    Although we won the last battles in America, we were defeated in the war, just as happened here in the Phillipines. Nevertheless, our hearts were pure and true, and our love for truth and justice, and our country is sincere…

    For this reason, we are never defeated, and our noble hearts shall triumph in the end…

    The Victory and Freedom of TheTruth…

    God bless you Filipinas!

  • “Crazy-Horse”

    “Holy Love! When Thou shalt spring!
    From a sincere heart, of any man,
    Perhaps a cave man, poor, and uneducated,
    Becomes great, noble, and respected.”
    (-Supremo Don Andres Bonifacio-)

    If Emilio Jacinto was the bestfriend of Bonifacio, Tashunka Witko, the “Crazy Horse” was the bestfriend of Chief Sitting Bull.

    The word “crazy” in the American Indian language, does not always mean a person having some mental disturbances, but it can also means daringness, or reckless courage, thus “Crazy Horse” means a very brave horse, or simply in the wildwest term: “The Unbroken Mustang” or a wild and untamable person.

    Like Bonifacio and Luna, Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse were killed by their own men, traitors of their nation.

    The American Indians were actually our blood brothers, as they were originally came here in Asia, thus I included them here.

    Contrary to their wild names, Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse were very humane, noble, and intelligent leaders, just like Bonifacio and Jacinto, they were very wise, virtuous, and true “warrior saints” who died for their love of their nation and heritage…

    “Supremo! You’ve fought hard, Supremo! You tried,
    You are a good soldier, so hold your head up high,
    The symbol of bravery, in the Pearl of the Orient,
    For even the greatest, sometimes, must fall.”
    -Comanche(the brave horse)-

    The Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse wishes you blessings and good luck from
    The “Great Spirit”. May you Filipinos remember them too in your hearts with your heroes.

  • emosaint

    men…i really love this site….i have learned a lot from you commentators…..it is just now…i learned aguinaldo was a traitor…it was not discussed in our history class…when i was in elementary and highschool years…not to mention that i am a great fan of history….

    siting bull, crazy horse and Sir napoleon bonaparte….i appreciate you admiring filipino heroes…you have my greatest respects….makabayan po ako…i love my country so much that it hurts that …fellow filipinos are fighting….here in mindanao….

    hope that you will pray for me…that i can pass…the PMA entrance exams…..i am aspiring to be like emilio jacinto….a great and noble leader….

    godbless the world…..

  • emosaint

    oh well….just wanna ask if…could it be possible that they have re incarnated? to have a possible rematch? what do you guys think?

    well im just curios…

    -emosaint-

  • http://googlechrome geraldine

    plllssss read this message
    i want no war
    and silent place
    that’s all

  • louie

    ang sayasaya…

  • aris

    We studied Emilio Jacinto in our history class, he’s my favorite hero, and, also Gregorio del Pilar, the young general.

  • Sultan Kudarat

    It was very timely that “Emo Saint” mentioned the Muslims, and the brave land of Mindanao…

    It would be a gigantic injustice, and unfairness, not to mention and include, the countless and innumerable deeds, and contributions of the muslims in our revolution.

    We should never forget that our first heroes, who fought the Spaniards, and have sacrificed their sweet, blood, and tears for our country, were Muslims…

    This we shall mention the names of Datu Lapu-Lapu, the “brave three of Maynilad” Raja Sulayman, Raja Matanda, and the last king of Tondo(Bonifacio’s birthplace), the legendary Raja Lakandula…

    Amongst innumerable others, which were too many to innumerate, also stands the greatest ruler and king of Maguindanao, the great and stalwart king, Sultan Kudarat…

    Andres Bonifacio has great respect for the muslims, and he included them in the National scope of his KKK, as he wrote in his manifesto “Ang Sangkapuluan ng Sangkatagalugan”(The Entire Archipelago of the Philippines) “Sangkatagalogan” in Bonifacio’s term, means the entire Philippines as explained by Jacinto.

    Andres Bonifacio named his favorite horse “Moro”, which means”brave and wild” as they called the muslims.

    The first friendship between Catholic-Christians and Muslims, took place during the Crusades in the thirteenth century, when King Richard “Coeur de Lion”(lion-hearted) of England, went to fight the champion of the muslims, King Saladin of Tikrit, Iraq.

    Both leaders admired the courage and bravery of each one, and friendship began to grow between this two valiant leaders…

    Now, our aim is peace, not war. May the peace of God, which surpasseth all understanding, come to the land of Mindanao…

    Peace be with us, from God and the Lord Jesus Christ, God bless!

  • http://yahoo.com dr. jose rizal

    Pogi namin Dalawa ni emilie jancinto noh!!!!!!smile namn jan :)

  • emosaint

    well i hope that the selfish leaders die….they shuold think for others like what our heroes think of there fellow men….there kababayans…hope that peace will come soon

    -emosaint-

  • emosaint

    aries….actualy…emilio is the youngest general….hehehe peace….

  • Patricia V.

    @Glenda N. Penamora
    Ganun ba?

  • emosaint

    aries pwede makig friend? hehehe uhn….ako nga pala si emosaint….pwede ba makuha number mo?
    hehehehe

  • emosaint

    i am beggining to like this page…its like im talking to the heroes themselves…hehehe sultan…i salute you….
    for feeling the same,,,,,au2x and take care always….peace be w/ u muslim bros…. mabuhay ang pinas!!!!!

    -{0.o}- \m/

    -emosaint-

  • Eckhart “The German Buddha” Tolle

    “IN LIGHT THERE IS A SHADE OF DARKNESS, IN DARKNESS THERE IS A SHADE OF LIGHT” (YIN-YANG PHILOSOPHY)

    War is evil in itself, “Hell on Earth!” as we know, but it is also during such critical times and moments, where true heroes and saints emerges, as the darkness deepens, so their lights shines all the more the brightest.
    Peace is so good, sweet and dear to life! But it is also when, that people grow lax, in wantonness and vices, in debauchery and laziness in their spiritual life, and more ardent in worldly pursuits.

    The Revolution of Andres Bonifacio and Emilio Jacinto, was based on love of God and of country, and based upon truth and justice, with sound intelligence and reason.

    It was highly democratic in it’s ideologies and principles, patriotic and religious.

    Bonifacio might have killed many in battles, and have executed several rapists and traitors, but he was not a killer, he was a warrior…

    Emilio Aguinaldo might not have killed much in battle, but when ambition, envy, and personal pride for wealth, fame and power, taken root in the “human-heart”, it became evil and a murderer…

    Samson have killed many, and Judas have killed but one man.

    The Catholic Church, whom we Catholics pride as “Coeur d’ Gracia”, “The Virgin Bride of Christ”, and Mother of “ALL” Christian Religions, why is it that there were some scandals, such as the “Inquisition” and abuses of some priests?

    The Freemasonry, an elite fraternity, whom a Catholic priest called as “Inspired by Satan”, why were there some virtues and noble men such as George Washington or Andres Bonifacio?

    The reason is, good people are good, even in evil places, Evil are evil, even in good times and places.

    We should however remember that Rizal, Luna, and Bonifacio have soon rejected and denounced Masonry to die as Christians.

  • http://google keith_06

    ahhh… ThaNKS sa pagbibigay Sa AKIn ng TalaMbuHAY ni EMilIo JacINtO
    hahahahahahahahahahaAhahahAHAhaHaHAHAhahahhsHAHaHaHaH

  • destroyer

    anu daw?hais nosebleed man to hahahaha…….
    thanks na rin sa pagbigay ng impormasyon hehehehe……..
    emilio jacinto sana nd kita naistorbo sa pagpapahinga mo hehehehe…..

  • http://smartbro kReZeL

    ang graveh naman ne emilio jacinto!!!!!!!cya ang utak ng katipunan!!!!!! W O W!!!! sana naman ay maging katulad din ako sa kanya…………………….. obvious vah???????

  • http://smartbro kReZeL

    sana naman na c eMiLiO jAcInTo ay magiging kuya pero nauna cyang sinilang kaysa akn…………. jejejejejejejejejejejejeje……………..!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! KAYO??????????

  • http://smartbro kReZeL

    I have question………………………… pWeDe???

    cno ang n ung fevoret hero??? jejejejejejejeje
    at bakit??? explain…. right???

    sana naman na merong sumagot sa tanong ko…………………….

    C yA!!!!!!!!!! LUV YAO…………….

  • http://smartbro kReZeL

    HINTAYIN KO ANG SAGOT NIYO HA………………..????????????????
    ANG YUNG GUSTO LANG SUMAGOT SA TANONG KO……………………….

  • vidia05

    emilio jacinto is so young para mamatay, un lng INGATZZZZZZZZZZZZZ

  • hazel

    salamat sa tulong

  • gwyneth

    oi ang haba ng iba ehh buti d2 maiksi lng nohh and tnx pla sa nakuha q mewon na qng project!!!

  • calamansi juice

    salamat sa silbi ng pahinang ito.
    nagka project na ko sa Araling Panlipunan.

    Condolence nalang sa pagkamatay ni emilio jacinto.

  • MARICHU

    WOW!HIS BRAVE…..A GREAT HEROES, HIS A SILENT TYPE OF PERSON BUT NOT A COWARD, HE FIGHT FOR US……..SAD TO SAID HE DIED AT THE AGE OF 19…..SO YOUNG…..

  • MARICHU

    sorry i mean 23 years of age he died….hehehe OMG! huh…….

  • http://www.friendsrter.com caloy

    zna mhnap qoh n ang 4 n kptid ni emille!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  • http://freewebs.com/leemae lee mae

    {i love emilio!!he’s one of a kind..}i hate the people commenting..they dont even appreciate the things that emilio jacinto made..hmp!!

  • Unknown XXX

    Hahaha, uso nga talaga “bangs” noon, kulang lang ni Rizal at Jacinto ay ibaba buhok nila para EMO na!!!hahaha!

  • La Propaganda Katipunan

    He died with a Machine Gun and Sword to fight Spaniards and He made the KARTILYA NG KATIPUNAN…He died at the age of 6

  • http://facebook.com ♥mariane kaye♥

    kelan pinanganak si emilio jacinto???? baket po wala dyan??? daya nyo…. papagalitan ako ng taecher ko kasi may report ako dun ehh…. boo….. hehehe

  • “Lawin”

    “Walang malaki, maliban sa duwag.”
    -Emilio Jacinto-

    By this statement of Emilio Jacinto, we can understand the state of his interior being, that is, similar to Gregorio del Pilar, the Supremo, or Antonio Luna.

    He is full of courage, and have attained perfect self-mastery and self-congquest.

    He is in a state of absolute fearlessness…

    del Pilar also has the same statement, when in a middle of the night, he told his men:

    “Brothers, what would you choose, shall we die fighting? Or shall we ran like cowards?”

    History has proven that Gregorio del Pilar stood his ground, and died fighting with his men, while Aguinaldo and company skedaddled faraway somewhere in Isabela.

  • “Lawin”

    THE LAST MEN STANDING:

    After Aguinaldo and his men surrendered to the Americans without firing a single bullet in Palanan Isabela, there were several generals, of unyielding will and spirit, they who were of the “true hearts of steel”, who continued the struggle against the U.S. superior army.

    MIGUEL MALVAR- Bonifacio’s Batangueno general whom Bonifacio admired, and commented that perhaps, he was better than Aguinaldo, proved Bonifacio’s statement when he continued the war for at least two years after Aguinaldo’s capture. He only surrendered when his men’s children, wive’s, and the old folks were dying of hunger and sickness.

    MACARIO SAKAY-The Last “Supremo” and “Generalissimo”, continued the government of Bonifacio and Jacinto for four more years, after the great Malvar’s surrender. He was the last major and active resistance, to defeat the U.S. army in guerilla warfare and battle tactics.

    ARTEMIO RICARTE-Bonifacio’s Magdiwang general in Cavite, who questioned Bonifacio’s death, and nearly challenged Aguinaldo’s leadership, if not for the wise persuasion of Apolinario Mabini to preserve the unity of the revolution. He never took allegiance to the American government.

    If he joined the Japanese army, it was because of his hope that they might be instrumental of Philippine Independence. Of this matter, he was wrong, but his heart’s intention, is pure…

  • http://philippines harlene

    uHh hi 2 every one hi! nd qoe mahanap ang kartilya i bonifacio at emilio

  • http://philippines harlene

    sino pde qtxt jan e2 number qoe 09093066860 txt me alang poe☺☻♥♦♣♠•◘○

  • Tom Lynn

    I wish to thank all the contributors to this Philippine history discussion site, especially those writing in English, brave souls. I know how difficult it must be for some to share what they know using a non-natural language.
    I really appreciate the historical facts that you all have been providing here, in my researches of Philippine history, and my understanding of the true Philippine character, as revealed in its heroic figures. Thank you all.
    And thank you to all those responsible for establishing and maintaining this vehicle of a web site, and making it available for others to share their knowledge.
    -Tom Lynn

  • http://makamu rene jones

    ahm gwapo pla nia at ambata nya namatay at ampon pla cia kso ang pang8t ng pagkamatay nia

  • emosaint-

    -anu ba naman….mga pinoy kau hindi kano….asan na ang pambansang wika?
    maging makabayan naman….natalo naman kau ng banyaga sa leguahe nila…
    sorry sa na offened..nagpapa alala lang sa wikang pambansa….

    -emosaint-

  • Tom Lynn

    -emosaint-

    I’m not sure to whom you are addressing your comments, but I for one am not conversant in Tagalog, though I am slowly learning from my wife. So I am unable to write in Tagalog at this time.

    However, my wife has been helping me to understand the posts which are written in Tagalog.

    The ones for which I am most grateful are the ones which contribute relevant information on this historical topic, no matter what the language.

    But the subject which you mention (nationalism) must be carefully examined before it is allowed to control your entire existence. There is a distinction to be made between nationalism and isolationism. Remember, the Philippines once had the greatest number of English speakers in Asia.
    But the nationalistic efforts post-EDSA resulted in a de-emphasis of English teaching in the schools, and the position of the Philippines has fallen with respect to its English competency.

    Is this a good thing? Does this give some advantage to the nation?

    This changes the discussion, and perhaps we need a new thread here.

  • http://yahoo.com nazaria

    thanks for helping me/////

  • john eric dizon

    oops!!!! bato bato sa langit tamaan ay huwag magalit!!!!

  • http://january22st,2010at7pm jill

    sa wagkanamamatay

  • http://january22st,2010at749pm jill

    i love you emilio jacinto crush kita ops taykalang joke lang

  • marie

    mahal kayo ni emalio jacinto

  • http://yahoo.com marie

    please bakee

  • http://yahoo.com marie

    maganda ba lahat ang nag commet dito

  • http://yahoo.com marie

    pangit kasi lahat ang nag commet ng kay emillio

  • http://yahoo.com faye

    pangit kayo

  • Boogie

    asdsadas

  • jeremias jacinto

    npaka brave ni emilio jacinto xempre magka apelyido kami jacinto rin ako eh
    gusto ko ring magimg kgaya nya kya lang di ako matalino hehehe
    ill salute emilio jacinto

  • http://yahoo.com honey

    emo siya

  • http://facebook.com oakley

    ang baduy nmn kwento lng

  • http://@yahoo.com kEith

    I hope…. there is still people are like Jacinto
    Heroic people should be really honored not once but always….!
    Aja!!…

  • “Pangit”

    MALAPAD NA BATO

    In a month of April, 1895, Andres Bonifacio and Emilio Jacinto originally proclaimed Philippine Independence in a place called “Malapad na Bato”(the massive rock), near the great “Pamitinan Cave”.

    Andres Bonifacio, with the aid of his bestfriend Emilio Jacinto, was said to be a genius in military strategy, and his geographical routes and headquarters, greatly contributed to the success of the revolution.

    His Magdiwang general Pio del Pilar, used to follow Bonifacio’s strategical routes and locations, in his fierce but successful battles against the Spaniards, and later against the U.S. forces, who both admired and hated him.

    This was also followed by Macario “Leon”Sakay.

    Even Emilio Aguinaldo was forced to follow Bonifacio’s routes, when pursued by the Americans, when he fled to “Malapad na Bato” to save his skin…

    It was to be noted that General Pio del Pilar, and his Magdiwang friends Santiago Alvarez and Artemio Ricarte were the true victors in Cavite, and not the Magdalo.

  • “MUSANG”

    SAINT PETER:

    “Peter you are rock, and upon this rock, I will build my church. And the gates of Hades(Hell), cannot prevail against Thee…”
    -Jesus Christ-

    Anti- Catholic authors, who does not want to recognize the primacy of St. Peter as the first leader of the original Church of Christ , says that “Peter” in it’s Greek translation, means “little rock”, which is true.
    However, in the original language of Jesus, he used the Aramaic term “Kephas”, which means “Massive Rock”.

    I included this seemingly unrelated topic, to illustrate how our original Declaration of Independence was founded, that it was built not on sand, but founded upon a “Massive Rock”.

    If Jesus appointed St. Peter as head of the Church, instead of His beloved apostle who St. John, I was surprised that Andres Bonifacio appointed General Pio del Pilar as his first Field Marshall, or Commander of the Army, instead of his best friend Emilio Jacinto.

    Bonifacio however have given Jacinto a high office and great responsibility, as Generalissimo of the Northern Forces…

    General Pio del Pilar, in order to save his skin from Aguinaldo, and the Magdalo, became St. Peter to Bonifacio, during Bonifacio’s mock trial, and execution in Cavite.

    Pio del Pilar however has expressed deep sorrow and regret in his heart, and he confessed to General Julio Nakpil, about the treachery of Aguinaldo, and his Magdalo officers…

    Pio del Pilar exposed to Julio Nakpil that Aguinaldo ordered him, to lead an assassination to Bonifacio’s right hand men, Emilio Jacinto and him(Julio Nakpil).

    Out of conscience, and out of respect to Andres Bonifacio and his noble friends, General Pio del Pilar said that he did not obey this evil order of Emilio Aguinaldo.

    General Pio del Pilar was one of the greatest general feared by the Spaniards and the Americans,after the great General Don Antonio Luna.

  • “MUSASHI”

    Emilio Jacinto’s boyhood, was spent between his studies, work, and a monastic austerity, of ancient Catholicism.

    Early mass every sunday, serious devotion to Catholic practices and feasts, praying the Family Rosary during evenings, and hearing stories about the live’s of saints, were typical of Catholic life, which is a very noble and admirable thing, but also a loathsome mockery, when practiced hypocrites…

    Of this seemingly holy atmosphere, whom Jacinto admired very sincerely, imbedded in his heart the true virtuous life, and Godliness of chivalry during the medieval ages in Christian Europe…

    Emilio Jacinto also was learned in native Filipino martial arts, such as “Dumog”, “Suntukan”, and “Arnis de Mano”.

    Manila at that time was filled by Chinese immigrants and businessmen, and Emilio Jacinto met some Chinese friends who taught him some techniques of Chinese “Shaolin Boxing”.

    Emilio Jacinto had some occassional troubles with his bigger Spanish classmates, and he was reputed to have a “fist of steel”.

  • http://libertylovesmjsomuch ccccccccccaaaloy

    aw…… skto sa numero ni jordan ahhhh 23!!!!..
    pero ang galing nya ha…………
    namatay cya s paglilingkod sa bayan…………..
    hanga ako sa kanyang katapangan……………

  • William “Bill” Tilghman

    “POLICIA”:

    Although the Katipunan Government of Andres Bonifacio, had not yet formally established official “Policia” in the Philippines, they as leaders and officers also performed the duties as marshals, or “gens d’ armes”(Military-Police) as necessary in the peace and order of the organization.

    THE NBI:

    Andres Bonifacio, Emilio Jacinto, and Dr. Pio Valenzuela of the Second-Triumvirate, exemplifies the virtues and principles of the highest, most respected, and still most trusted Police Organization in the country, the NBI, which means:

    N-Nobility.
    B-Bravery.
    I-Integrity.

    Since they were all natural lawyers, they performed as judges and fiscals in the Katipunan judicial system. The most humane, and righteous policia in the history of the Philippines, they were the soul of the NBI.

  • dimagapi

    for me emilio jacinto led one of the most interesting lives from the list of those we hail as heroes. i would like to know more about him and maybe write a book about his life and exploits.

  • joemz

    bkit nmatay yung ama nia pgkasilang nia?dapat ina db?
    tma b?

  • http://yahoo ea mae

    ilan ba tlaga ang edad niya nang mamatay? 24? or 23?

  • St. Joan of Arc

    MEN OF PEACE:

    Although Andres Bonifacio and Emilio Jacinto lived a life of warriors, they were in truth, actually very humane and peaceful gentlemen.

    It was only because of their great love of justice, and compassion to their oppressed countrymen, that they were forced to took up arms, and fight the oppressors.

    Their closest friend, and brother in arms General Dr. Pio Valenzuela, was too humane and peace loving gentleman, more interested in relieving the pains and afflictions of people, rather than “inflicting” it, that he surrendered.

    This was also true to the Katipunan Honorary President, Don Jose Rizal, who was still hoping for a peaceful and non-violent reforms, that he did not accept Bonifacio’s invitation to join him in the Revolution.

    It was very different however, to the Magdalo officers and leaders, such as Daniel Tirona, who surrendered kneeling without firing a single bullet to the Spaniards, which they repeated again, when they were cornered by the Americans.

  • Norman Vincent Peale

    “A life which is not consecrated to a sacred, and a noble purpose, is like a tree without a shade, or a poisonous weed.”
    -General Emilio Jacinto-

    THE PURPOSE DRIVEN:

    Norman Vincent Peale whom Marcel Toyaoan called as the “Pope of the Baptists” was a Self-Help author as well as what Rick Warren call as a Purpose Driven.

    The same is very true to General Emilio Jacinto, which we can read in the very first sentence of his Kartilya, whom Andres Bonifacio choose as superior to his Decalogue.

    Andres Bonifacio and Emilio Jacinto emphasized, the primacy of spiritual principles over material gains, or personal prestige and honors.

    Of this matter, Emilio Aguinaldo and his friends fell short, being more on acquiring selfish ambitions and honors, rather than in true love of country, and justice.

  • Pope John Paul ll

    To the Baptists: “Habemus Papam!”

    I just came to correct some of the mistakes in the comments above, that Norman Vincent Peale was not a Baptist, but actually a Wesleyan Methodist.

    Both Church however, I love and respected very much.

    To the Methodist Church: “Habemus Papam!”.

  • St. Ignatius of Loyola

    RAMADAN:

    If St. Joan of Arc was the warrior-saint of France, the same is true to St. Ignatius of Loyola.

    Like Andres Bonifacio, Emilio Jacinto, and Pope John Paul ll, St. Ignatius of Loyola was known for his great love and devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary.
    It was told, at the moment of his conversion, that he hung his sword and armor to a statue of the Blessed Virgin, to be a soldier no longer of the world, but as a friend of Jesus.

    He nearly killed a man one day, who insulted a statue of the Virgin Mary, but was prevented by the Holy Spirit.
    For a true Catholic, a slander against the Mother of Christ, Spouse of the Holy Spirit, and chosen daughter of God, is a sin against the Holy Spirit, thus, it is unforgivable…

    The First General Attack, whom Marcel Toyaoan called as Bonifacio’s “Big Offensive!” was fought during the Muslim’s Holy Month of “Ramadan”, and which was also believed to be the time of birth of the Virgin Mary.

    “INSHAALAH!!!”

  • http://internet prinsess giha

    now is my lesson is about emilio mmmmmmmmmm

  • JOHN WAYNE

    “BACK TO BATAAN!”

    Was a semi-historical film, by John Wayne, in honor of Andres Bonifacio, where a fictional son of Andres Bonifacio became a captain in the army.

    Like General Douglas Mc Artur, John Wayne was fond of Filipinos and their heroes, especially Andres Bonifacio and his valiant men.

    Like Bonifacio and Emilio Jacinto, John Wayne was attracted to Masonry, but shortly before he died, he was converted to the Roman Catholic Church.

    He was baptized by one of his grandson, who was a Catholic priest.

    l

  • folzky

    Born in Trozo,Tondo, Manila. Jacinto was the son of Mariano Jacinto and Josefa Dizon. His father died shortly after Jacinto was born, forcing his mother to send him to his uncle, Don José Dizon, so that he might have a better standard of living.
    Jacinto was fluent in both Spanish and Tagalog, but preferred to speak in Spanish. He attended San Juan de Letran College, and later transferred to the University of Santo Tomas to study law. He did not finish college and, at the age of 20, joined the secret society called Katipunan. He became the advisor on fiscal matters and secretary to Andrés Bonifacio. He was later known as Utak ng Katipunan..
    Jacinto also wrote for the Katipunan newspaper called Kalayaan. He wrote in the newspaper under the pen name Dimasilaw, and used the alias Pingkian in the Katipunan. Emilio Jacinto was the author of the Kartilya ng Katipunan as well.
    After Bonifacio’s death, Jacinto continued fighting the Spaniards. Like General Mariano Álvarez, he refused to join the forces of General Emilio Aguinaldo. He contracted malaria and died in Majayjay, Laguna, at the age of 24. His remains were later transferred to the Manila North Cemetery.

  • Tom

    Thanks for the concise bio.

  • LOUIS L’AMOUR

    “The Filipino people have proven that they were bigger than their leaders. Different leaders came and goes, but the Filipino people continues to follow the destiny which God has designed.”
    -General Emilio Jacinto-

    Like Andres Bonifacio, Louis L’amour stopped formal schooling at age 14, but by his constant and persistent reading and self-education, he became the “Dean of Western Writers”, and one of America’s greatest writers.

    Emilio Jacinto used his alias “Pingkian” which literally means “flint and stone”. Also translated by some as “inflammable” because the flint and stone were used by people during the olden times to cause fire.

    Flint is steel, and is a symbol of strength, willpower, and determination.

    The spark of fire caused by the flint and stone means courage, enthusiasm, and daring. All this were attributes of General Jacinto.

    Courage however is not only confined in times of war, but we also need courage and endurance in all things, and in our everyday life and challenges, that we may live a life of victory and prosperity, in God’s blessed land.

  • WINSTON CHURCHILL

    “We will fight to the beaches, we shall never surrender!”
    -Winston Churchill-

    His name was a legend, he was a god. The original “British Bulldog” and great war leader of England, who inspired his countrymen to fight the greatest “terror of Europe” Adolf Hitler, was no less than a knight, Sir Winston Churchill.

    Like Andres Bonifacio, Winston Churchill was born in the 30th day of November, and we can see that booth have similarities in character.

    They were fiery and savage in their speeches, but unbelievably humane and gentle in disposition.

    Booth were full of hope! and therefore courageous and fearless, with incredible determination to win.

    It is however a merit to Emilio Jacinto, who worked side by side with Bonifacio, in all their plans and exploits, and booth were genius in military matters.

  • JOHN WAYNE

    “I have said to you, ye are gods”
    -The Bible-

    When the unbelieving Jews were rancorous about Jesus’ claim that He was the Son of God, He said to them “Have I not said to you: You are gods?”.

    The Jewish elites, high priests, and leaders, could not accept that a simple human being who was subject to pain and dissolution, and who was not even richer than them, nor better educated than them, could claim that he was the Son of God.

    It happened that this was also the dialogue of Aguinaldo his Magdalo men, who could not accept that a simple man who was not as rich as themselves in material gains, could act as The Filipino Messiah.

    This was also the criticism of some denominations who could not believe about saints.

    “In one thing, you can learn ten thousand things.” -Miyamoto Musashi-

  • WALLACE WATTLES

    THE SCIENCE OF GETTING RICH:

    It have been a general opinion of people that Jesus Christ was poor, but he have healed many people or serious ailments and diseases, feed thousands of people, and founded a Universal(catholic) Church, that conquered the Roman Empire, civilized savages and barbaric nations, and produced great saints and moral and spiritual heroes.

    St. Francis of Asisi choosed to live a life of poverty, but he actually owns a mountain! given by a friend as a gift, where he can go for solitude, pray, and commune with God with nature.

    Saints were never really poor, but actually the richest, happiest , and greatest of mortals, and this is also true to our noble heroes.

    Andres Bonifacio and Emilio Jacinto were said to be poor, but they were our first presidents and leaders…

    Being rich does not always mean only money, but most important is the meaning of true riches, which is spiritual in nature.

  • St. Francis of Asisi

    “To the weak, I became weak, to the poor, I became poor.
    I became all things to all men, that I may save them all.”
    -St. Paul of Tarsus-

    St. Francis of Asisi was a son of a very successful businessman, that Francis lives his youth like a prince. However, his family did not belonged to the nobility, so they were still classified as rich commoners, or rich middle class.

    Unlike Masonry, which accepts only rich and educated men to their society, Andres Bonifacio’s Katipunan government was very sympathetic to the poor and lower classes that they were welcomed to his society as readily as the rich members.

    As St. Francis of Asisi gave dignity to the poor and the suffering, so Andres Bonifacio and Emilio Jacinto gave hope and inspiration to poor Filipinos, that their very image were also an emblem of poor, or noble peasants, who rose to greatness…

    Wallace Wattles took a different path, of which he became rich, that he may be able to save rich people by being an example of a noble rich man.

  • http://facebook kimberly

    kawawa siya no!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  • http://facebook geisler

    oonga bata pa namatay na siya

  • http://facebook kinneth jane

    duhh… grabi its so young when emilio died ……………..

  • http://none karl

    mag kamag anak ba kayo ni rizal

  • http://none karl alexis payao

    bakit hindi naging national hero si emilio jacinto? sila dalawa ni rizal ang pambansang bayani!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  • http://none karl alexis payao

    i mean bakit hindi sila dalawang pambansang bayani? hindi pa pwede???????????

  • http://yahoo.com marie toni

    ang bta p pla nya nng ma2ty cia..

    harr harr.

  • jhake pogi

    ang bata pa ni emilio jacinto ng namatay siya at tinaguriang utak ng katipunan………..yahoo!!!!!!!!!!!

  • http://google alvin

    ✈♬☑ ☎ ☒ ☻ ♤ ☤☹♀ ✩✉ ✇♺✖♨ ❦☁ ✌♛ ❁☪ ☂✏♝ ❀ ☭☃☛♞ ✿ ☚ ♘✾ ☯☾☝♖✽ ✝☄☟♟✺ ☥✂ ✍♕✵ ☮☠ ❤☆ ★ ♫ ✔ ► Ω ッ ● ♣ ♪ ☼ ◄ ❥ ♂♀ ♪◘♠☻♣ ♦☺○ ¿ ❤ ☆ ★✈♬☑ ☎ ☒ ☻ ♤ ☤☹♀ ✩✉ ✇♺✖♨ ❦☁ ✌♛ ❁☪ ☂✏♝ ❀ ☭☃☛♞ ✿ ☚ ♘✾ ☯☾☝♖✽ ✝☄☟♟✺ ☥✂ ✍♕✵ ☮☠ ❤☆ ★ ♫ ✔ ► Ω ッ ● ♣ ♪ ☼ ◄ ❥ ♂♀ ♪◘♠☻♣ ♦☺○ ¿ ❤ ☆ ★✈♬☑ ☎ ☒ ☻ ♤ ☤☹♀ ✩✉ ✇♺✖♨ ❦☁ ✌♛ ❁☪ ☂✏♝ ❀ ☭☃☛♞ ✿ ☚ ♘✾ ☯☾☝♖✽ ✝☄☟♟✺ ☥✂ ✍♕✵ ☮☠ ❤☆ ★ ♫ ✔ ► Ω ッ ● ♣ ♪ ☼ ◄ ❥ ♂♀ ♪◘♠☻♣ ♦☺○ ¿ ❤ ☆ ★✈♬☑ ☎ ☒ ☻ ♤ ☤☹♀ ✩✉ ✇♺✖♨ ❦☁ ✌♛ ❁☪ ☂✏♝ ❀ ☭☃☛♞ ✿ ☚ ♘✾ ☯☾☝♖✽ ✝☄☟♟✺ ☥✂ ✍♕✵ ☮☠ ❤☆ ★ ♫ ✔ ► Ω ッ ● ♣ ♪ ☼ ◄ ❥ ♂♀ ♪◘♠☻♣ ♦☺○ ¿ ❤ ☆ ★✈♬☑ ☎ ☒ ☻ ♤ ☤☹♀ ✩✉ ✇♺✖♨ ❦☁ ✌♛ ❁☪ ☂✏♝ ❀ ☭☃☛♞ ✿ ☚ ♘✾ ☯☾☝♖✽ ✝☄☟♟✺ ☥✂ ✍♕✵ ☮☠ ❤☆ ★ ♫ ✔ ► Ω ッ ● ♣ ♪ ☼ ◄ ❥ ♂♀ ♪◘♠☻♣ ♦☺○ ¿ ❤ ☆ ★

  • ah

    assds

  • http://elther_k25@yahoo.com elther

    Ang galing talga ng mga bayani natin at ang tatalino…

  • Lady X

    syempre mana sa akin ehh
    heheheeh.. . . jowk;P

  • jeremiah

    wow, marunong ka magsulat ng wingdings! bilib ako sayo bro! :D

  • dwight

    wawa naman sya ang bata panya para mamatay sa edad na 23.Sana maron pang tao na magiging katulad nya

  • jm

    pilipino tayo eh

  • daniel

    :]

  • cj

    batang pa na namatay na :(

  • kimberly

    how sad ;(

  • kimberly

    true .

  • biboy

    23 namatay

  • arabella

    Filipino are worth dying for!!! How GREAT!

  • cj

    namatay 23 sayohu ah

  • allon-sy

    The Supremo’s right hand man and adviser at age 19-20, general and commander-in-chief by 21, and all those other things he did for his fellowmen and country by the time he passed on at age 23…

    Kids need role models like Emilio Jacinto. These days, a lot of young people are so effed up and directionless. :(

  • computer

    hay…. kasamok ninyo. sigeg comment, basig dli correct ang uban nga giingon.

  • computer

    bisag uns analang ang gipang ingon. unya wla sa topic.